This important series, a collective work on the scale of the Oxford or Cambridge historical series and containing the work of excellent Spanish historians and theologians, provides a broad, well-documented, and reasonably objective ecclesiastical history of the Spanish Church on a grand scale—a work previously missing from the historiography of the period from the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries.

The two parts of Volume 3 should be useful to historians and students of Latin America for their coverage of papal relations, religious literature, popular Christianity, the mood of Catholicism on the eve of conquest, and, of course, in part two, León Lopétegui’s eighty-page summary on the Spanish Church in Latin America from 1493 to 1810. Given the attention paid to more minute aspects of Spanish ecclesiastical life, this section is more cursory, especially in view of Lopétegui’s earlier and better Introducción a la historia de la iglesia en la America Española. Nevertheless, there is so much supplementary material in the other essays that Latin American coverage is more than adequate.

Unfortunately, Volume 4, which deals with the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, ignores Latin America almost totally. Isaac Vázquez’s discussion of doctrinal controversies within the Church does have a great deal of usefulness, but the dark areas of the Church in Latin America during this period remain largely unilluminated in this otherwise encyclopedic work.