The recent Madrid Conference, while producing nothing like the Helsinki Accords, nevertheless indicated the return of Spain to diplomatic respectability after long years of isolation under Franco. Not since the Algeciras Conference in 1906, in fact, has the Spanish government been able to host a major diplomatic gathering. So it is with some degree of topicality that this series of essays on Spain’s diplomatic role in the twentieth-century world appears. The contributions, edited by James W. Cortada, who has already done several works on Spanish diplomacy, cover all major regions of the world. The chapter on Latin America, written by Frederick B. Pike, presents a succinct review of the many missed opportunities between the two areas. Essays by Gerie B. Bledsoe and Charles R. Halstead give a precise account of Spain’s foreign policy, but all fail to convince the reader that Spain still influences the world in many ways. The disasters of the past eighty years make that impossible.