Ezequiel Gallo’s book is much more important than its modest size might suggest, for it is a careful case study of the 1893 revolution in Santa Fe, an event whose significance extended far beyond the boundaries of that province. The problems which Gallo examines, including immigrant participation in politics, the origins and nature of agrarian unrest, and the ruling elite’s use of electoral corruption, are vital to understanding social and political change in the Argentine pampas during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Gallo analyzes the 1893 revolution against the backdrop of Santa Fe’s rapidly developing agrarian export economy, and he correctly links the outbreak of rural unrest to a cost-price squeeze which struck the province’s farmers by 1892. At a time when world wheat prices fell, an overextended provincial government levied a new tax on wheat and linseed producers, most of whom were immigrants with little political voice outside municipal affairs. Through painstaking research in provincial archives, local newspapers, and diplomatic correspondence, Gallo reconstructs the coalition of revolutionary forces which emerged between the disgruntled farmers and the Unión Cívica Radical. The outcome was a series of revolts among the Swiss and German colonists which played an important part in overthrowing the Autonomista party’s provincial government in August 1893. But after the revolution failed on the national scene, the Autonomistas regrouped, took terrible vengeance against immigrant farmers, and then manipulated the February 1894 elections by the use of massive fraud.

Because of its brevity, the book is unable to develop thoroughly the many suggestive points it raises. Moreover, Gallo neglects to consider certain basic questions regarding immigrant political participation in rural Argentina. Why did so few immigrants become citizens? The author might have examined the numerous obstacles the ruling elites erected to prevent naturalization of foreigners. In a similar vein, why did the Santa Fe Radical Party abandon its alliance with immigrant farmers after 1893 and move towards a policy opposing rapid naturalization of foreigners? Despite these and other questions, the book makes significant contributions to Argentine historiography. Hopefully, Gallo will publish a more extensive study developing the themes he has sketched here.