This book is a welcome reprint of a very useful work, long out of print. Published originally in 1952 by the Hispanic Institute in the United States, it now appears with the original Preface by Charles C. Griffin, and a new “Introduction to the Second Edition” by José de Onis. In this Introduction de Onis speaks of three succeeding works to make up a series covering the span of Latin American literature, with special reference to attitudes toward the United States.

The author has confined his attention in this volume to two major eras, that of independence from 1776 to approximately 1830, and that of the following sixty years to 1890. The central thesis developed is that the thought falls into two general types, that which thinks of the United States as a model and that which sees the territorial and cultural expansion of the northern neighbor as a threat to Spanish America. The author discusses such varied writers as Juan Germán Roscio, Vicente, and Simón Rodríguez from the independence period, together with Juan Alberdi, Domingo Sarmiento, and José Martí from the later years. Brazilian thought is, of course, not included in a work relating only to Spanish America.