This formal Latin report on the first thirty-seven years of the Franciscan Custody, or minor Province, of St. Anthony in Brazil was written in 1621 by Frei Manuel at the command of the Franciscan General in Rome. It tells of the founding of nine convents and three Indian doctrinas, and ends with an account of opposition to these missions by the Jesuits who wanted to keep their monopoly.

The editor gives a careful translation into Portuguese. Footnotes are adequate to understand this earliest Franciscan manuscript source. Its uniqueness indicates its importance. It is too brief, however (eighty-three folio pages), to give more than a cursory account of early Franciscan activity.