What is offered in these three thought-provoking essays is a careful, though brief, historical-political description and analysis of Argentina and Brazil’s relationships to the world’s major centers of power. This is not a book about Argentine-Brazilian relations. When dealing with interaction among the Latin American nations themselves, its emphasis is upon the potential benefits of regional cooperation. The theme of confrontation arises predominantly in suggesting what have been, and what are likely to be, the positions of Argentina and Brazil vis-à-vis more highly developed, non-Latin American nations. Lafer and Peña co-authored the first essay, an attempt to view global politics from a Latin American perspective. Frequently reasserted is the argument that the juxtaposition of the underdeveloped nations to the overdeveloped nations is rapidly becoming the overarching determinant in guiding international political activity. In individually written essays, each man then examines the development of his nation’s foreign policies. They both show how these policies were affected by fluctuating internal political conditions as well as by major shifts in the configuration of power structures at the international level. The evolution of various dependency conditions and the nature of U.S. influence are among the primary issues discussed. All three pieces reflect broad and critical examination of relevant works by Latin American, U.S., and European scholars. The book can be useful to students interested in Argentine or Brazilian government or history, as well as to non-Latin Americanists working in the field of international relations. Argentina e Brasil is also available in a Spanish edition, published in Buenos Aires in 1973.