In this volume Robert Rhodes has gathered eighteen selections which treat diverse aspects of imperialism and underdevelopment throughout the Third World. The book’s three parts are subtitled: “Imperialism in Historical and Contemporary Perspective;” “The Underdeveloped Economy and Economic Policy;” and “Politics, Class Conflict, and Underdevelopment.” As a whole the essays share a leftist but not always classical Marxist perspective and meet a rigorous standard of scholarship at times lacking in anti-imperialist writings. Four of the articles discuss general theoretical problems, three focus on Asia, and a like number deal with Africa. The remaining eight items concentrate upon Latin America. In addition some of the non-Latin American selections have a direct application in that area. Hamza Alavi and Amir Khurso, for example, study the implications of United States aid on the Pakistani economy and economic planning, but the same pressures and resultant dependency they describe are present in Latin American countries receiving similar aid. Giovanni Arrighi, whose contribution is the only one not previously published, examines among other things the role of labor aristocracies in tropical Africa. Much of what he says about their non-progressive role and alienation from the mass of workers is familiar in the Latin American context.

Also included are studies by Paul Baran, Andre Gunder Frank, and Franz Fanon, as well as James O’Connor’s excellent summary exposition of theories of imperialism from John A. Hobson to Harry Magdoff. Of the specifically Latin American essays, José Nun’s on the middle class military coup has been published several times. Philip Reno’s work on aluminum companies in the Caribbean or Philip Ehrensaft’s study on the nature of “non-planning” in Trinidad and Tobago, on the other hand, will probably not be familiar to most historians. This reviewer, however, would have liked a longer introduction summarizing the authors’ main points, and perhaps material on Cuba showing the problems involved in breaking the chain between imperialism and underdevelopment. For those who have searched for materials to use in the classroom the book will be welcome. Researchers will find the collection valuable in that it raises controversial questions and suggests numerous topics for further investigation.