Within the confines of this publication are ten disparate essays by as many different authors. John W. F. Dulles opens the series with a good summary of the post-Vargas period to 1964. Then follows a brief essay by Juárez Lopes on the subject of politics and society, an effort badly in need of editing. Next comes Vladimir Reisky de Dubnic’s rather effective short piece on the activities of Presidents Jânio Quadros, João Goulart, and Humberto Castello Branco. Editor Baklanoff’s long essay attacks private foreign investments in relation to Brazilian industrialization. This effort, heavy with statistics, would be more comprehensible to international economists than to others. Werner Baer’s essay, which incidentally complements the preceding one, points out the many imbalances in the big country, such as that between industry and agriculture, and between section and section. The story is very well presented. Roland E. Chardon’s endeavor on Brazil’s geographic distribution of population in the decade 1950 to 1960, despite the dreary statistics, is an honest summary of his subject. Armin K. Ludwig’s essay on the establishment of Brasília with its geographic setting should attract considerable interest in Yankeeland. Next comes Emilio Willems with a discussion of three minor religious movements, those of the Pentecostals, the Spiritualists, and the Urbandistas, which occupied the sertões region of Brazil. Among other aspects the author notes the amalgamation of these simple people with other backland groups. John F. Santos gives a psychologist’s reflection on many aspects of Brazilian society with considerable effectiveness. Finally, Earl Thomas winds up the series with his treatise on some of the many changes through which the Portuguese language has passed in Brazil.

With this skimpy review of the diverse chapters on Brazilian society, it seems appropriate to insert a few general remarks. Obviously, the only unity of the essays is one of pure coincidence. Had space permitted, a much broader historical background would have made the essays much more meaningful. Although most of the essays are set forth in acceptable form, particularly for this age, others need editing badly. The general format of the publication is attractive, though a better grade of printing paper would have enhanced the result.