Llanos’ work can best be described as an essay designed to east doubt on the veracity of H. S. Ferns, Britain and Argentina in the Nineteenth Century. The theme attributes to England’s merchants a definite program to reduce Argentina to economic vassalage. They could accomplish this program because of the willingness of the Argentine bourgeois to compromise national well being for their own economic gain. The author’s tendency to identify Buenos Aires as bourgeois and the provinces as the seat of nationhood is perhaps overdone. Hegel had a great effect on the author, and there is ample use of the Marxian approach. Despite these qualifications, the book is valuable as the case he presents merits more investigation.