Like its predecessors, this volume of Estudios de cultura Náhuatl consists of a series of essays by specialists on Mexican indigenous language and culture, stemming from the work of the Seminario de Cultura Náhuatl.

Nine papers are published, all relating to pre-Hispanic Indian civilizations. Ángel María Garibay K. describes the “international relations” of Aztec peoples, meaning by this relations among the members of the Triple Alliance and between the Triple Alliance and its neighbors. Other topics studied are Aztec commerce by Miguel León-Portilla; Toltec culture by Demetrio Sodi M.; Aztec myths concerning the world of the dead by Vicente T. Mendoza; and the “paz azteca” by Rodolfo van Zantwijk. Simeón’s summary of Náhuatl grammar is translated and commented upon by Enrique Torroella. Laurette Séjourné discusses the significance and the responsibility of Mexican archaeology. Finally, two students of the Seminario contribute papers: Armando Zárate on the “language of flowers” in the dialogue of Huexotzinco; and Lothar Knauth on a comparison of historical texts with his own experiences of hallucinations induced by mushrooms.

All the papers are worthwhile contributions to Mexican Indian studies. In technique and quality, though not in typography, they compare favorably with the materials of any scholarly journal. Now with three volumes in three years, the Estudios appears to be established as a regular annual.