Alida Metcalf received her Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin in 1983 and is currently Assistant Professor of History at Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. She is interested particularly in the formation and reproduction of social structure in Brazil, especially the role of the family in that process. This is the central theme of a manuscript she is preparing which uses the experience of a community in seventeenth and eighteenth century São Paulo to illustrate the evolution of Brazilian society from its European and American roots.

Gerald E. Poyo is Research Associate at the Institute of Texan Cultures, University of Texas at San Antonio. He received his Ph.D. in 1983 from the University of Florida, where he specialized in Cuban history. His current research interests are nineteenth-century Cuban separatism, the origins and development of Cuban-American communities, and the social and economic history of Spanish colonial Texas. His publications include articles on José Martí, Cuban labor in Florida, and the nineteenth-century Cuban-American experience.

Louis A. Pérez, Jr., Graduate Research Professor of History at the University of South Florida, received his Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico in 1970. His research interests center on late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Cuba. His most recent book, Cuba Under the Platt Amendment, 1902-1934 (University of Pittsburgh Press), will appear in 1986.

Ronald C. Newton, Professor of History at Simon Fraser University, received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1963. He has earlier published work on corporatism in Spanish America and on European immigrant communities in southern South America (German Buenos Aires, 1900-1930). The present article arises from research on quasi-imperial rivalry in Argentina from the early 1930s to the late 1940s, to be published as The Secret War for Argentina. In 1986 he will be in Italy researching relations between the Fascist party and overseas Italian communities in Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina.