Dr. Currie is deeply concerned with the economically underdeveloped peoples and countries of all the world, but emphasis in this volume is restricted mainly to the major nations of Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. In fact, the author’s primary interest is Colombia, where he has resided for nearly twenty years and of which he became a citizen in 1958.

He has published several books and monographs on Colombia, has been employed repeatedly by the Colombian national government, and is now a professor of economics in Colombia’s National University.

Although a native of Canada, Dr. Currie received his higher education in England and the United States, and like many other Harvard Doctors of Philosophy who specialized in economics, he was employed by the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration during the World Economic Depression of the 1930s and during World War II. Also like some of the Harvard economists of the period, he was attacked as a dangerous radical by a few vigorous conservatives. But whatever may have been his views during the depression and war years, this new volume of his (dedicated to Jacob Viner, a distinguished conservative economist) suggests that he is boldly unconventional rather than dogmatically and dangerously radical. Familiar with both economic theory and economic history, he is pragmatic and at the same time humanitarian. While conceding the virtues of laissez faire, he proclaims the necessity of state planning and programming with decided emphasis on alleviating the misery of the masses of the underdeveloped countries.

His book is divided into two approximately equal parts. Part I contains a detailed examination of the inadequacies of planning and programing by United States government agencies and the various international organizations for the development of the economically retarded nations and peoples and proposes a scheme for “breakthroughs” in the larger countries of Latin America. Part II attempts to show how his scheme might be successfully implemented in the case of Colombia, where apparently he expects to spend the rest of his life. It is a book that deserves to be carefully read not only by economists and political scientists, but by historians as well. It is not light reading; it requires decided concentration. But this reviewer believes that it is worth the effort.