The years between 1919 and 1930 are one of the most fascinating periods in Peruvian history. While Peru had suffered political instability since independence in the 1820s, during the so-called oncenio (a time period of 11 years) only one president ruled the country: Augusto B. Leguía, who was part of a political clique in power since the end of the nineteenth century. However, Leguía's regime dubbed itself the Patria Nueva (New Fatherland), presenting a number of its political, social, and economic reforms as a radical refounding of Peru. Due to its relatively long tenure, Leguía's regime provides an excellent opportunity to research tradition and modernization in Peruvian society. Nevertheless, relatively little research on this topic has been done until today. This book edited by Paulo Drinot is an important step toward a better understanding of this crucial period. Apart from an excellent...

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