This is a book that we have long needed on a regime and period in Peru's recent past that has largely faded from popular memory, been erased from official recognition, and gone mostly ignored in recent scholarship. Recall that for a startling few years the revolutionary military regime of General Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968–75) turned Peru upside down in a striking effort to bring the notoriously tradition-bound, oligarchy-ruled, and generally socially archaic country into the twentieth century.

Expertly edited by two of the country's leading historians, this book brings together a collection of original essays by a group of veteran and new Peruvian scholars to probe and assess the process and outcome of a wholly uncommon military regime that transfixed observers at the time due to its unusual transformational goals. As to be expected in a collection of this type, there is...

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