In this volume Harper Montgomery, who is the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Professor in Latin American Art at Hunter College, analyzes the modernist work of select Spanish-American artists and its dissemination throughout the region during the 1920s. Although she discusses exhibitions, she is primarily interested in the role of magazines in Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Lima, and Havana in that process of regional dissemination. It is her contention that the form and content of these artworks, as well as the criticism that they provoked, aimed at lessening cultural dependence on Europe and the looming threat posed by the United States. Accordingly, while she does not disagree with those who argue that during the Cold War Latin American modernism served to perpetuate the existing socioeconomic order, she maintains that during the 1920s it held “concrete liberatory promise” (p. 2).

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