This study offers an illustrative and vivid re-creation of Portuguese's lives and activities in Lima and other parts of Spanish America. From the beginning, Gleydi Sullón Barreto indicates that her study challenges the traditional view of these Portuguese as the great merchants who lost their fortunes and lives after the Inquisition accused them of Judaizing. She explains that this conventional view results from scholars' recurrent and limited use of inquisitorial records, which focus on those Portuguese involved in the Great Conspiracy in Lima, who were not representative of the larger community. Aside from this accused minority, the broader Portuguese community lived as Christians and integrated well into Spanish society.

In order to expand the historical perspective, Sullón Barreto has relied heavily on notarial records and other secular documents. Such archival materials have provided a sample of 192 Portuguese living in Lima at...

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