“The Only True People” offers a snapshot of the current state of research by Mayanists critically investigating the process of ethnogenesis from the perspectives of linguistics, ethnohistory, ethnography, archaeology, epigraphy, and anthropology. This interdisciplinary anthology edited by Bethany J. Beyyette and Lisa J. LeCount makes a significant contribution to many subfields of Maya studies. Contributors' chapters include microlevel approaches to ethnicity, such as separate identities forming in neighboring communities and Maya as an all-encompassing term for the ancestors of certain modern people today in Guatemala, Chiapas, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Belize.

Jonathan Hill, whose work on Arawak ethnic identity set a precedent for similar studies of ethnogenesis in the Americas, including the current volume, opens with a foreword that positions the anthology within recent scholarship on ethnicity in the Americas. Beyyette's introduction defines the aims of the book—to reexamine the concept...

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