Published as part of a book series on the American Civil War (1861–1865), Vitor Izecksohn's study is the result of his early concern with finding ways to contest the American exceptionalism interpretive model. Izecksohn, a professor at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, takes on this task by comparing slave recruitment by the Union army in the latter conflict and by the army of Brazil, his own country, during the Paraguayan War (or the War of the Triple Alliance, 1864–1870). The purpose of his study is “to understand how recruitment transformed society and government during the Civil War in the United States and the War of the Triple Alliance in Brazil” (p. 24). Thus, this book is not a comprehensive comparison of those two conflicts—the first a civil war, the second an international war involving three other countries with social and...

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