Collaboration between scholars from a variety of disciplines has resulted in this volume on the multidirectional flow and permutations of religious ideas and practices, with particular attention to colonial New England and Spanish America. By privileging “the collision of European traditions with American environmental and cultural realities,” these essays shed light on “new forms of faith, ecclesiology, and theology” (p. 1).

For J. H. Elliott, the study of religion offers compelling insights into the Old and New Worlds in transition. His chapter highlights four major questions that the collected essays seek to answer. Essays by Asunción Lavrin, Júnia Ferreira Furtado, and Carmen Fernández-Salvador illuminate how religious creeds and practices made the Atlantic crossing and were transformed in the process. Lavrin argues that missionary martyrdom in New Spain was shaped not only by the long Christian and Iberian tradition of meritorious death but...

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