Mario Ojeda Revah's 2005 book México y la guerra civil española, now in English translation, explores a crucial episode in Mexican foreign relations: Mexico's ardent support of the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. While the rest of the international community largely abandoned the Spanish Republic to the depredations of the Nationalist insurrection backed by Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, the Lázaro Cárdenas administration offered political, financial, symbolic, and military assistance to the embattled Republicans. Ojeda Revah suggests that Mexico's aid was significant for the Republic even though it failed to avert a Nationalist victory, but more importantly, he argues that Mexico's engagement with the Spanish Civil War represented a decisive turning point in the country's own history. Indeed, the author attributes a variety of domestic Mexican political phenomena—the delaying of women's suffrage, the ruling party's post-1940 rightward shift, the...

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