In this empirically and theoretically rich book, Martin Lindhardt shows how the everyday practices of Pentecostals help marginalized Chileans create new identities, gain a sense of control over their lives, and develop new and meaningful interpretations of their social reality.

Lindhardt's subjects are direct descendants of the first Pentecostal church in Latin America, the Methodist Pentecostal Church (MPC), founded in 1909. Lindhardt studied the Evangelical Pentecostal Church (EPC), which emerged through a schism from the MPC in 1934. Because the MPC's founder left the church to help start the EPC, its members claim to be the legitimate heirs of the continent's first Pentecostal revival.

Lindhardt argues that Pentecostalism is primarily an indigenous movement and that context matters in its development. In contemporary Chile, the Catholic Church maintains its prominence in the religious terrain as well as its middle- and upper-class location. The...

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