Brett Troyan has produced a thoughtful and persuasively argued history of Cauca and of the emergence of a movement for indigenous self-determination in that Colombian department. The book provides a carefully detailed political history of what became one of the Americas' important indigenous-led movements. Troyan's strength is that she takes a long view: readers gain a detailed understanding of Manuel Quintín Lame's activism in the 1910s, a tracing of the way indigenous cabildos interacted with Liberal Party politicos in the 1930s, an account of La Violencia in Cauca, an explanation of the declining power of Caucano elite families, and an attempt to reconstruct the local trajectories of various armed groups in more recent decades. The depth of her approach allows Troyan to effectively present the hard-won political significance of the present-day Consejo Regional Indígena del Cauca (CRIC) while demonstrating that indigeneity did...

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