Elizabeth Quay Hutchison; Shifting Solidarities: The Politics of Household Workers in Cold War Chile. Hispanic American Historical Review 1 February 2011; 91 (1): 129–162. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00182168-2010-089
This article examines the unique history of household workers' activism in Chile from the 1950s to the 1990 transition to democracy, drawing on archival and oral sources to argue that key alliances with the Catholic Church, Center and Left parties, and feminist organizations transformed the legal, social, and political identities of Chilean empleadas (servants). Building on associations formed by the Young Catholic Worker in the early 1950s, household worker activists forged key political alliances in their struggle for increased labor protection prior to the 1973 military coup. Under dictatorship, household worker activists kept a low profile until a new alliance with Chilean feminists reinvigorated their activism in the struggle against dictatorship.