Amy Ashwood was an activist in the pan-African movement, a feminist, and the first wife of Marcus Garvey. Their marriage ended after two months, when Garvey left her for Ashwood’s chief bridesmaid and best friend Amy Jacques. This short-lived marriage and the divorce, which she never acknowledged, loomed large in Ashwood’s life. Tony Martin’s biography of Ashwood, the most recent volume in what the author calls the New Marcus Garvey Library, centers on her relationship with Garvey and its aftermath.

Amy Ashwood was born in Port Antonio, Jamaica, in 1895 or 1897, and spent part of her childhood in Panama where her father was a businessman. She returned to Jamaica to attend high school. She met Garvey at a debating society in 1914 and soon became involved in the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). In 1918, Ashwood moved to the United States and became involved in UNIA’s New York branch....

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