Historiography has paid little attention to the events that led to the overthrow of Viceroy Joaquín de la Pezuela. So far, it has been considered the consequence of a conspiracy led by General José de la Serna along with other peninsular-born officers dissatisfied with Pezuela’s conduct of the war against San Martin’s army. In Marks’s opinion, that conspiracy did not arise from a proper alliance between the rebel officers and a group of merchants belonging to the Consulado de Lima (the merchant’s guild), since the evidence for the existence of such a coalition is “indirect and circumstantial” (p. 319). In fact, the plot was the result of a convergence of interests between the military and the merchants, who also shared the same monarchist and liberal political ideas. Moreover, this event was the final outcome of a radical transformation in political culture that had been going on for the previous 40...

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