A short review will not do justice to Óscar Mazín’s remarkable book on how the Habsburg monarchy worked. Although the title invites a reading from specialists, Gestores de la real justicia should become an essential work for those who deal with the global Hispanic Monarchy during the period 1550 – 1650 and for world historians interested in the first global age, 1400 – 1800. How is it possible that a book focusing on four legal representatives (procuradores) of Mexico City’s cathedral at various times between 1568 and 1634 could have such historiographical significance? Mazín exposes through a connected history the significance of royal authority within a geographically extensive monarchy and the nature of the period’s historical dynamics.

From the writings of prominent historians — for example, Andre Gunder Frank, Serge Gruzinski, and Sanjay Subrahmanyam — and methodological manifestos such as the La Pietra Report of the Organization of...

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