Calvin L. Smith, in Revolution, Revival and Religious Conflict in Sandinista Nicaragua, investigates a unique element of the rise of the Sandinistas in 1979. Much has been written about the social, political, and economic elements of the victory of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, but Smith maintains that Christianity played a unique role in the way the revolution developed. Smith turns long-overdue scrutiny to the apparently homogeneous and unified pro-Frente Nicaraguan Protestants. His significant work brings exhaustive archival research and interviews of key religious and political actors to bear to challenge that homogeneity and unity.

Smith examines three widely divergent interpretations of the Protestant-Sandinista relationship. The first maintains that the Sandinista regime was proactively anti-Christian. The second holds that persecution of Christians was passive and the result of splits between the “historic Protestants,” who generally supported the Frente, and pro – United States Evangelicals. Finally, others maintain that...

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