This book, though centered on the history of a single institution, will provide its readers with an informative overview of the development of a wide range of public health initiatives in the Brazilian Northeast during World War II and its aftermath. Known as the Public Health Special Service (Serviçio Especial de Saúde Pública, or SESP), the institution in question was created in 1942 as the result of an agreement between the government of Brazil and the Institute of Inter-American Affairs. At the time, the United States had embarked on a vast diplomatic offensive to keep the western hemisphere free from the geopolitical influence of Nazi Germany. Promoting rural sanitation in several Latin American countries was an essential component of that strategic plan, and many institutions like SESP were created throughout the region in those years.

As a case study in the history of inter-American medical diplomacy, this study is truly...

You do not currently have access to this content.