Considering that their traces are so faint in traditional historical sources, colonial Andean women certainly have fascinated modern historians. Even in the earliest days of Andean ethnohistory, women sparked enduring scholarly debates concerning religion and resistance and the role of gender and class in state formation. Karen Graubart’s book brings colonial Andean women into the twenty-first century. She joins a new generation interested in the social implications of indigenous women’s interactions with the economy, while focusing on the early colonial period (1550 – 1700). Rather than seeking to reveal, as did earlier scholars, how Indian women resisted the imposition of Western patriarchy or how empires are built on the backs of women, With Our Labor and Sweat asks how they experienced — indeed created — Spanish colonial society through the production, consumption, and distribution of colonial things.

The time that has passed since colonial Andean women were first studied has...

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