The historiography of the Cuban Revolution has focused on a variety of trends and tendencies. Cuban publications concerning the struggle against the regime of Fulgencio Batista (1952 – 58) — whether waged by clandestine guerrillas or by Cubans in exile — have represented this process in terms that depict the period as essentially heroic. In the literature on the guerrilla campaign, the greatest emphasis has been on key moments in this type of struggle taking place in the cities, and to a lesser extent on the activities of members of the July 26 Revolutionary Movement (MR-26-7) in exile, the University Students’ Federation (FEU), and the radical student activists of the Directorio Revolucionario 13 de Marzo, fundamental organizations that led the insurrectionary revolutionary movement during this period.

Within contemporary debate, the alternative tendency has been to depict the period of national rebellion using the...

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