Edward E. Telles’s Race in Another America is destined to become a classic in the study of the sociology of race in the Americas generally and Brazil in particular. The author employs state-of-the-art empirical analyses along with a rich historical and theoretical understanding of racial inequality in Brazil. The book reconciles two generations of scholarship and represents a point of departure for future studies of race in Brazil.

Telles begins the book with a historical analysis of the study of race in Brazil. He finds that one generation of scholars focused on horizontal social relations, while another generation focused on what Telles calls vertical social relations. Telles defines the “horizontal” scholars as the first generation that focused on how Brazilians of different colors but similar class status intermingled with one another. Defining their analysis in these terms, scholars found a relative lack of...

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