This collection — drawn from the symposium “The First Jesuit Century in the Vice-royalty of Peru,” which took place as part of the 51st International Congress of Americanists, Santiago, Chile, 2003 — concentrates on questions raised by two documents discovered in the city of Naples: the Excul immeritus Blas Valera populo suo (1618) and the Historia et Rudimenta Linguae Piruanorum (1600 – 38). These texts attribute the authorship of the Nueva corónica y buen gobierno to Jesuit father Blas Valera and brother Gonzalo Ruiz and correspondingly dismiss the long-standing attribution of authorship to Huaman Poma. According to these documents, Huaman Poma had acted merely as a “autor pantalla” — that is, he lent his name to Valera because the Jesuits had first persecuted the priest and then censored his writings for his questioning of the evangelization undertaken by the clergy and...

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