The controversies surrounding the ties between Catholicism and fascisms during the period between the first and second world wars have given rise to some important studies in recent years. On the one hand, the attitude of Pius XII concerning the Nazi persecution of the Jews has received special attention. This theme has brought together historians with divergent stances, such as John Cornwell, author of Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII (Viking Penguin, 1999), and Giovanni Miccoli, author of I dilemmi e i silenzi di Pio XII (Rizzoli, 2000). There has also been an effort, on the other hand, to transfer attention from the attitude of the Pope and of the Holy See toward Catholicism as a whole, as is the case with the recent and polemical book by Daniel Jona Goldhagen, The Role of the Catholic Church in the Holocaust and Its Unfulfilled Duty of Repair (Alfred Knopf,...

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