This collection seeks to provide Portuguese-speaking readers with a book that brings together research representative of the state of the art in the history of medicine and health in Latin America and the Caribbean. A diverse array of specialists from Latin American and North American institutions tackle a variety of subjects in the hundred-year span between the end of the nineteenth century and the end of the twentieth. As with all such collections, the book does not attempt to touch on all the research that has been carried out in this field. However, the editors’ selections do represent the paths that researchers have followed, especially since the 1980s, when historians, anthropologists, scientists, politicians, and other professionals began to study the history of disease and health with greater frequency and to seek to understand the complex interrelation between health and history in Latin America.

Among the many important questions raised by...

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