This book on the history of the indigenous peoples of Oaxaca during the nineteenth century is, in some respects, a synthesis of previous scholarship, but it is also informed by the author’s own research on selected topics. Reina Aoyama emphasizes political and economic themes, including the War of Independence, agrarian politics and liberal reforms, the agrarian economy, indigenous rebellions, community political reforms, and the civil-religious hierarchy. Research on Oaxaca’s Indians during the nineteenth century is slim compared to the colonial period and the twentieth century. The author faces head on the problems presented by the general paucity of studies of nineteenth-century internal community matters, Oaxaca’s pronounced regional differences, and the dominance of the largely Zapotec Valley of Oaxaca and the Mixteca in the scholarly literature that does exist. While she does not always surmount these challenges, the volume is to be commended for its comprehensive inclusion of the state’s other...

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