José Luis Romero (1909 – 77) was central in the establishment of the Argentine historical profession in the second half of the twentieth century. His vast and seminal work in Latin American and medieval European history conceives of history as a process and affirms the historian’s role as spiritual guide and public intellectual. Omar Acha examines the complexity of Romero’s trajectory within the context of Argentina’s intellectual and political life in the postwar period. Implicitly, this study also touches upon the most important issues on Argentina’s historiographic agenda today. Acha begins with the paradigmatic life, as a historian and as an intellectual, of one of the most important personalities in a crucial period of Argentine history, including the failure of the oligarchic/conservative political project in the 1930s, the rise and fall of Peronism, and its continued influence on Argentina’s society, politics, and especially culture after 1955.

Romero’s work and political...

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