Italian researchers have written little about the early modern period in Latin America, as Francesca Cantù notes in her prologue. She points to this volume as a strong contribution in this slim field. Politica e governo nel Nuevo Mondo connects with recent scholarship that has portrayed the Habsburg monarchy as a “Monarquía compuesta” (John Elliot) and that has come to review the debate about the structure and model of the Hispanic government during the early modern age. The author analyzes the government of Viceroy Toledo as part of the periphery of the empire (a concept first proposed by Giuseppe Galasso) in relation with the theory of the “practice of empire” (defined in the 1950s by Helmut C. Koenigsberger). At the same time, this study is also related to the fruitful recent Spanish historiography that has brought to light the deep change that the...

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