Bauer’s book is an up-to-date consideration of the history of the Andean region surrounding the oldest ceremonial center of the Inca elite, now known to the world as the city of Cuzco. The 13 chapters cover an immense temporal range, from 10,000 BC to the 1530s, from the Archaic Period and the peopling of the region, through the Formative, Qotakalli, Wari, and Inca periods. In this synthesis, Bauer and his coauthors deal with climate change, settlement, and successive conquests. Toward the end of the book, he describes the Inca religion, specifically the Temple of the Sun, Inca mummification, and the worship of dead kings. His main aim is to present the evolution of social complexity, based on both archaeological data (including excavations and analyses of pottery, ice cores, and lake sediment cores) and published historical documents. Bauer has conducted archaeological investigations on all of these ancient societies for many years;...

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