This study explores, as its title implies, the impact of the Protestant missionary movement in Peru, primarily during the second administration of liberal, reformist president Augusto B. Leguía. It is groundbreaking in being one of the first (in an admittedly scant historiography) to examine the missionary movement in Peru from a Peruvian perspective. The bulk of the literature, as Fonseca Ariza notes, falls into two categories: (1) ideological and typically apologetic work produced by Protestant leaders and missionaries themselves, and (2) academic research, also highly ideological, primarily concerned with interrogating social conflict and the influence of foreign (mainly U.S.) hegemonic entities in the country. Fonseca’s stated objective, by contrast, is to take a bottom-up view of how internal factors within Peru utilized missionaries and their projects to advance a highly secular project of development and, less intentionally, to open a new “technology of knowledge.”

Developmentalist/pro–foreign investment politics and missionary agendas...

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