The French historian Pierre Duviols pioneered the study of “the extirpation of idolatry” with La lutte contre les réligiones autochtones dans le Pérou colonial: “L’extirpation de l’idolatrie,” entre 1532 et 1660 (Lima and Paris, 1971). Subsequently he published some of the sources on which his seminal work was based in Cultura andina y represión (Cuzco, 1986), of which Procesos y visitas de idolatrías is nominally a new edition.

Procesos y visitas de idolatrías is much more than a revised, enlarged edition, however; it is almost entirely a new work. Duviols has reworked his previous introduction and added a additional essay on “la Nueva Extirpación,” more than doubling his original remarks. The Peruvian archivists Laura Gutiérrez Arbulú and Luis Andrade Ciudad have revised the transcriptions of the documents against the originals surviving in the Archivo Arzobispal de Lima and added additional sources. The French...

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