This collection of four previously published articles, complemented with a brief introduction and conclusion, focuses on some of the political and cultural confrontations that occurred during the late colonial rule of Peruvian viceroy José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa. His term of office corresponded with the early-nineteenth-century crises that challenged the Spanish imperial structure and prompted the colonies to experiment with various forms of self-rule to fill the interregnum. Of particular importance to this work is the rise of liberalism and the move toward constitutional monarchy in Spain. These changes produced new complexities in the colonial relationship and demanded a response from overseas. As others have argued and Peralta reiterates, Abascal proved remarkably adept at coping with these demands and challenges. While Abascal’s years as viceroy are the centerpiece of the book, it constitutes neither an examination of him nor of the viceroyalty....

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