Viceroy José de Armendáriz y Perurena (1670–1740), the marquis of Castelfuerte, arrived in Lima in 1724 to govern Peru. By the time he departed in 1736, Castel-fuerte had carried out the first Bourbon attempt to reform the Andean viceroyalty, according to this welcome new analysis of his administration. Spanish historian Moreno Cebrián is the author of several other important works on colonial Peru, including El corregidor de indios y la economía peruana del siglo XVIII: Los repartos for-zosos de mercancias (1977); and Túpac Amaru: El cacique inca que rebeló los Andes (1988). He also edited Relación y documentos de gobierno del virrey del Perú, José A. Manso de Velasco, conde de Superunda (1745–1761) (1983).

When named viceroy of Peru, Armendáriz already had a long record of service to Philip V, both as a military officer during the War of the Spanish Succession (for...

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