This is a revised and updated version of a book published in Spanish in 1996. Non-Hispanic readers will benefit from its close attention to context. The author also includes considerable new material, in particular from the Ecuadorian archives. The book is a succinct summary of the process of independence as seen through its author’s eyes. Although this work refers to some standard accounts in the bibliographical literature, its does not engage directly with the ongoing literature on the subject but sets out an interpretation of the process, which itself might become a subject of debate. Although written in a clear and unassuming style, which is in no sense polemical, the author clearly regards his work as a manifesto. He also has a hidden agenda. He reveals this on the last page, though it becomes evident during the reading of the text. Rodríguez wants to...

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