Christon I. Archer, distinguished scholar of the royalist army in New Spain, the wars of independence, military history, Pacific encounters, epidemic disease, and the early independence period in Mexico, died on December 19, 2021. He was 81.

Archer was born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, on August 24, 1940, and retained ties to Vancouver Island throughout his life. An early interest in the names that Spaniards imposed on many locations in the Northwest Coast in the eighteenth century led, first, to an honors BA in Latin American history at the University of Victoria (in 1965) and then to an MA and eventually a PhD degree (in 1971) at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. In conjunction with his training at Stony Brook, Archer studied in Mexico with María del Carmen Velázquez of El Colegio de México and began conducting research in the Archivo General de la Nación,...

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