This work by Marc Becker, a welcome follow-up to his The FBI in Latin America: The Ecuador Files (2017), covers the early stages of the Cold War, from 1947 to 1960. Its main objective is “to use information that the CIA and other United States agencies gathered in the postwar period to document progressive movements for social change in a context where few other sources exist” (pp. 3–4). This is therefore an in-depth study of Ecuadorian leftist political movements, especially the Communist Party of Ecuador (PCE), rather than an exposé of Cold War CIA covert operations.

Becker justifies his almost exclusive reliance on CIA documents by pointing to the paucity of other sources. Organizations such as the PCE did not maintain records for many reasons. Foremost was the fear that hostile governments would use internal documents to justify harassment, arrest, and imprisonment. Additionally, leftist materials such as posters, pamphlets, and...

You do not currently have access to this content.