In Postwar Emigration to South America from Japan and the Ryukyu Islands, Pedro Iacobelli discusses postwar Okinawan (Ryukyuan) emigration to South America, focusing on the role of the sending country. Under the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR), Okinawa started its state-led emigration in June 1954, with Bolivia as the destination. Critical of the push-pull approach to international migrations, Iacobelli strongly advocates “political migration history” to “analyze the rationale behind the state's involvement in out-migration” (p. 2).

The book begins with an overview of Japan's overseas migrations, with emphasis on the government's role in creating emigration flows. Postwar Japan's “overpopulation problem” intensified with 6.3 million military and civilian repatriates, and the reduction of the country's population became the state's business for recovery from the war. Postoccupation Japan launched its emigration project to South America, with support from the...

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