This edited volume examines how tobacco commercialization and taxation contributed to support the Iberian Atlantic monarchies, particularly focusing on how the early modern Spanish and Portuguese crowns and bureaucracies benefited from the tobacco monopoly. While the core chapters examine the estanco (royal tobacco monopoly) and the impact of this institution in the financial history of the Spanish and Portuguese empires, other contributions include reflections on Atlantic history, on pictorial representation of tobacco consumption, and, in the last section, on slavery.

This volume showcases tobacco as a significant part of the local financing of empires, given that the taxing of tobacco generated resources in different Spanish colonies. Most of the chapters on Spain and Spanish America examine to some extent the Real Hacienda, which makes the essay of Michel Bertrand on this institution in New Spain a good fit for this volume. Bertrand...

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