When the rapper Kanye West made the controversial remark in 2018 that 400 years of slavery sounded like a choice, those of us who teach the history of slavery heard the echoes of comments and questions that students raise, not infrequently, in our classrooms. Like those who rushed to address West's statement and the faulty thinking behind it, we have had to correct our students' incomplete knowledge about slavery, slave resistance, and emancipation. Slave No More, Aline Helg's comprehensive overview of the history of enslaved African and African-descended peoples' struggle for self-liberation in the Americas, gives a definite answer to the misguided question of why, being so many, the enslaved did not reject slavery. They did, repeatedly, relentlessly, creatively, and decisively. In the process, Helg argues, “they shook up the region from one century to another” (p. 275).

Helg claims that...

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