Two-Spirit and specific indigenous non-binary and nonmonogamous or heterosexual identities, kinships, and community structures are fully distinct from EuroWestern LGBTQ+ identities — and to blur the lines is to reenact histories of colonial erasure, no matter how well-meaning the intent. In this article, Cooper argues that Louise Erdrich’s The Last Report on the Miracles at Little No Horse (2001) offers a helpful model for navigating the needs of inclusivity as well as particularity in studying complex spiritual and gendered identities and experiences.

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