The history of given names, and what they can tell us about individual and group identities, has attracted much attention in recent years. The existence of specifically Protestant given names is well documented in the early modern period, when they served as important markers of religious identity. This article looks at the evolution of given names in eighteenth-century Paris and the extent to which they continued to operate in this way. It suggests that given names provide some evidence of resistance to religious persecution, yet they also reveal an important change in the way religious identity was marked, a change that underpinned the growth of religious toleration in the city.

Les prénoms et leur signification, notamment en ce qui concerne les identités individuelles et collectives, ont attiré l'attention des historiens de l'époque moderne. La préférence chez les protestants pour les prénoms provenant de l'Ancien Testament est bien connue. Cet article examine les usages protestants et catholiques à Paris au XVIIIe siècle et conclut que la persistance des différences dans le choix des prénoms suggère une certaine résistance protestante à la culture dominante. Cependant, l'évolution des pratiques de prénomination indique également d'importants changements dans les identités confessionnelles qui préparent la tolérance religieuse.

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